Vocabulary

Japanese Words & Phrases: Names of Techniques: It will help to know that most Aikido techniques are named in three parts, such as Shomenuchi Kaitennage Ura. The first word is uke’s attack (shomenuchi = front strike to head); the second word is the Aikido technique to be performed by nage (kaitennage = arm-rotary throw); the third word is the direction in which the technique is performed (ura = behind).
Aikido​- Ai= Harmony, Ki= Spirit, Do= Way or Path.  The way of harmony.
Aikikai – Organizational name for Aikido Headquarters.
Ai hanmi – Uke/nage stand in same stance–mirrored.
Ai uchi – Literally ‘mutual kill’–an entering movement.
Arigato- Thank you (informal).
Atama- Head.
Atemi – Strike.
Awase- Merging, Harmonizing.
Ate – Strike.
Bokken (Bokuto) – Wooden Japanese sword.​
Bokuto waza – Techniques done while holding bokken.
Buki waza-  Weapons techniques.
Budo – Martial way.
Bushido – Way of theWarrior.
Chi – Earth.
Choku- Straight, direct.
Chudan – Middle position. As in Chudan no kamae.
Dan – Black belt level.
Deshi – Student.
-soto-deshi Outside student (not living at the dojo).
-uchi-deshi Live in student.
Do itshimashite-  You're welcome, don't mention it.
Do – Path or way.
Dogi (gi) – Training uniform.
Dojo – Literally place of the way.
Dojo Cho – The operational head of the dojo. A title.
Doshu – Head of theWay. A title.
Domo- Thanks
Domo Arigato Gozaimasu – Formal thank you.
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita – Formal thank you for
what has been received. Past tense.
Dojo – Training hall
Dori/Tori – Grab.
Doshu-  Moriteru Ueshiba (O'Sensei's grandson).
Dozo – Please. Go ahead, please continue.
Fudoshin – Unshakable, stable, centered.
Fukushidoin – First Level Instructor.
Funakogi undo – Rowing exercise.
Gaeshi – Turn back or reverse.
Gedan – Lower position. As in Gedan no kamae.
Genki Desuka?-  How are you?  Are you in good spirits?
Gi-  Aikido Uniform
Go no sen – retreating action to lead uke–tenshin.
Gokyo – 5th wrist technique.
Gomen Nasai-  I'm sorry.
Gyaku-  Reverse, opposite.
Gyaku hanmi – Uke/nage stand in opposite stance
Hai – Yes
Hakama – Skirt-like pants worn over gi pants.
Hanmi – Balanced half stance, one foot forward.
Hanmi handachi – Kneeling defense, uke standing.
Hantai – Reverse.
Happo Giri-  Eight directions.
Happo undo – Eight direction exercise.
Hara – Center, lower abdomen, center of gravity.
Heijoshin – Relaxed, natural state.
Henka waza – Switching from one technique to another.
Hidari – Left.
Hiji – Elbow.
Hiza – Knee.
Hombu (Dojo) – AikidoWorld Headquarters, Japan
Iie – No.
Ikkyo – First wrist technique
Irimi – Entering.
Iwama-  Home of Aikido Shrine (Northeast Tokyo).
Jiyu Waza – Interval attacks-nage varies techniques.
Jo – Japanese wooden weapon - a short staff.
Jodan – Upper position. As in Jodan no kamae.
Jotori – Staff take away, disarming.
Jo Nage-  Throwing techniques with attacker grabing jo.
Jujinage – Arm entwining throw.
Kaeshi waza – Counter techniques.
Kakari keiko – Same technique executed on several
consecutive uke.
Kamae – Defensive stance with or w/o a weapon.
Kamiza – Top seat within dojo, located at the far right,
while facing the dojo Shomen “shrine”.
Kaitennage – Rotary throw - “turn to heaven”.
Kata – Shoulder.
Kata – Predetermined sequences of movements used
as a learning technique.
Katatori – Shoulder grab.
Katatetori – Single wrist grab.
Keiko – Practice, practice session.
Keikogi (gi) – Training uniform.
Ken – Sword.
Ki – Spirit, energy.
Kiai – A shout to focus one’s energy.
Ki no nagare-  Techniques in motion.
Kohai – A junior to one who has trained longer and
comes before. A matter of seniority but also an intangible
awareness of place in the martial group.
Kihon – Something which is basic, fundamental.
Kokyu – Breath power.
Kokyudosa – Sitting exercise using breath power.
Koshi-  Hip, waist.
Koshinage – Hip throw.
Kotegaeshi – Wrist turn-out throw.
Kubi – Neck.
Kubishime – Choke hold.
Kumitachi – Paired sword training.
Kyu – All ranks below Dan level.
Maai – Spacing, proper distancing.
Mae – Front, forward.
Mae ukemi – Front roll.
Makiotoshi – Wrapping drop throw.
Mentsuki – Closed fist punch to the head/face.
Menuchi – Hand-blade strike to the top of the head.
Misogi – Purification, mostly through breathing undo.
Migi – Right.
Morotetori – Two hands grab to one arm.
Mukyusha – Those not yet having attained kyu rank.
Mune-  Chest, lapel.
Nagare-  Flow, flowing.
Nage – Throw, or the one who throws.
Nikyo – 2nd wrist technique.
Obi – Belt.
Omote waza– Movement toward the front of uke.
Onegaishimasu – May I be of service or please grant me this favor.
O'Sensei- Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido.
Randori – Free style, random multiple attackers.
Rei – Formal bow.
Reigi – Etiquette or courtesy.
Ryo – Both.
Ryokatatori – Grabbing both shoulders.
Ryotetori – Grabbing both wrists.
Sankyo – Third wrist technique.
Sempai – Student/Instructor above your rank. A person
may be sempai to other kohai but they are also kohai or a
junior student to someone else.
Sen no sen – Immediate response–irimi.
Sensei – Teacher.
Seiza – Formal kneeling posture
Shidoin – Instructor.
Shihan – Senior Instructor.
Shi ho- Four directions.
Shihonage – Four direction throw.
Shikaku – Dead corner–uke’s blind spot.
Shikko – Knee walking.
Shizentai – Standing with feet apart in line w/shoulders.
Shomen – Front of dojo–O-Sensei picture resides there.
Shomenuchi – Strike to the front of the head.
Shoshin – Beginner mind.
Soto – Outside.
Suburi – Practice cutting action with a weapon.
Sumi otoshi – Corner drop throw.
Suwari waza – Kneeling techiniques.
Tachi – Long sword.
Tachi tori – Disarming attacker of bokken.
Tachi waza – Standing techniques.
Tae No Haenko-  Basic blending practice (beginning of each class.
Tai Sabaki – Body movement.
Tanto – Knife.
Tanto Dori-  Knife defense.
Te – Hand.
Tegatana – Hand blade.
Tekubi – Wrist.
Ten – Heaven.
Tenchinage – Heaven & Earth throw.
Tenkan – Turning.
Tenshin – Nage retreats at a 45 degree angle–away
from attack and creates a new angle to Uke.
Tsuki – Forward closed fisted punch.  Thrust with Jo or Bokken.
Uchi – Inside. 
Uchi-deshi – Student living in the dojo.
Ude – Arm.
Udekimenage – Arm lock throw.
Uke – The person receiving the technique (attacker).
Ukemi – The knack or art of falling.
Ura – Towards the back.
Ura waza-  Techniques done to the rear of the attacker.
Ushiro – Behind.
Ushiro ukemi – Back fall or roll.
Ushiro Tekubitori – Both wrists grabbed from behind.
Ushiro Kubishime – Neck choke from behind.
Waza – Techniques.
Yokomenuchi – Strike to the side of the head.
Yonkyo – Fourth wrist technique.
Yudansha – Dan, black belt rank.
Yukkuri-  Slowly
Yukyusha – Kyu, not yet having attained black belt rank.
Zanshin – Continuing awareness and centeredness–
the follow through after executing a technique.

Aikido Foundation Techniques

Ikkyo – First form.
Nikyo – Second form.
Sankyo – Third form.
Yonkyo – Fourth form.
Gokyo – Fifth form.
Rokkyo- Sixth form.
Kotegaeshi-  Wrist Throw.
Shiho Nage- Four Direction Throw.
Irimi Nage-  Entering Throw.
Kokyuho-  Breath Extenshion Throw.
Kokyu Nage-  Breath Extenshion and Throw.
Koshi Nage-  Hip Throw.
Kaiten Nage- Circular Arm Throw (Wheel Throw)
Juji Nage-  Figure Ten Throw (Attacker's Arms in X)
Shito Nage-  Kokyu Nage Hand to Jaw or Face.
Gan Seki Otoshi-  Great Back Throw

Aikido Concepts

Masakatsu – Victory of correctness, precision,
righteousness.
Agatsu – Victory over self.
Katsuhayahi – Victory over light, over speed.

Japanese Numbers

Ichi – One.
Ni – Two.
San – Three.
Yon, shi – Four.
Go – Five.
Roku – Six.
Shichi, nana – Seven.
Hachi – Eight.
Ku, kyu – Nine.
Ju – Ten.
Ju Ichi, Ju Ni, Ju San...-Eleven, Twelve, Thirteen.
Ni Ju, Ji Ju Ichi- Twenty, Twentyone...
Hyaku-  One Hundred
Sen-  One Thousand 

Attacks

Shomenuchi-  Front Strike to Head
Yokomenuchi- Side Strike to Neck
Tsuki- Thrust/ Punch
Katate Dori-  One Hand Grab.
Hiji Dori-  Elbow Grab.
Kata Dori- Shoulder Grab.
Mune Dori- Chest Grab.
Ryokatate Dori-  Two Hand Grab.
Ryohiji Dori- Two Elbow Grab.
Ryokata Dori-  Two Shoulder Grab.
Morote Dori-  Two Hands Grabbing One Arm.
Gyakute Dori-  Opposite Hand Grab.
Kata Menuchi-  Shoulder Grab with Shomen Strike.
Ushiro Ryote Dori-  Rear Two Hand Grab.
Ushiro Ryohiji Dori-  Rear Two Elbow Grab.
Ushiro Ryokata Dori- Rear two Shoulder Grab.
Ushiro Eri Dori-  Rear Collar Grab.
Te Kubi Tori-  Rear Wrist Grab with Throat Choke.

Printable Vocabulary Sheet